Systems for structured knowledge extraction and inference have made giant strides in the last decade. Starting from shallow linguistic tagging and coarse-grained recognition of named entities at the resolution of people, places, organizations, and times, modern systems link billions of pages of unstructured text with knowledge graphs having hundreds of millions of entities belonging to tens of thousands of types, and related by tens of thousands of relations. Via deep learning, systems build continuous representations of words, entities, types, and relations, and use these to continually discover new facts to add to the knowledge graph, and support search systems that go far beyond page-level ``ten blue links''. We will present a comprehensive catalog of the best practices in traditional and deep knowledge extraction and inference, trace their development, interrelationships, and point out various loose ends.

Dr. Soumen Chakrabarti

IIT Bombay